Blog by Linda Book

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News Article

 There's no housing bubble, just an overheated market
Are home prices getting ahead of themselves in Canada? Almost certainly. Can big price gains go on much longer? Probably not.

There's little doubt about this view. It's shared by economic analysts, bankers and even by Canada's real estate industry itself. In fact, the Canadian Real Estate Association has just predicted a national drop in home prices next year.

So there's no doubt that Canada's housing market is in a bubble, right?

Wrong. All the agonizing over a possible bubble is actually very strong evidence that we don't have one.

We do have an overheated market, and that means prices could stall or ease down within the next year. But that's exactly what they should do in a normal real-estate cycle, points out economist Michael Gregory of BMO Capital Markets. After all, widespread worry about a bubble is the opposite of what drives a real one: the disappearance of normal caution, replaced by a near-universal delusion that no matter how costly an asset, it's a good buy because prices can only go higher.

This delusion can last for years, as with the stock market's tech bubble. It was 1996 when U.S. Federal Reserve chairman Alan Greenspan warned of "irrational exuberance" in the market. But prices kept soaring until the collapse began in 2000.

After that came the U.S. housing bubble, which peaked in 2005 and may finally have hit bottom after prices fell for more than three years, losing an average of more than 30 per cent.

This was characterized by the very same mass denial of reality. Even Greenspan denied that a housing bubble was forming, and ordinary wage-earners became real estate speculators with borrowed money, reasoning that house prices never fall.

Now, there's simmering worry about a Canadian housing bubble, based on the remarkably fast rebound of house prices here after a brief, violent crash triggered by the 2008 U.S. financial crisis. This week, the concern got more visibility when the venerable Wall Street Journal, where big Canadian stories are rare, belatedly reported it in a front-page article. But the large volume of hot air expended on this issue doesn't seem to be matched by an equal quantity of careful analysis.

The most prominently quoted source in the Journal article, for example, wasn't an economist or real-estate expert. It was Garth Turner, a former politician who wrote a book two years ago predicting the collapse of housing prices in Canada. It didn't happen and economists never took Turner's analysis seriously, but he keeps making the same prediction.

There are many cooler heads around, but their comments make less exciting media fare, since they don't foresee any dramatic catastrophe.

Gregory, for example, has just taken another look at the supposed bubble and agrees with many other analysts that home prices have certainly risen too high by historical standards. But he also concludes that there's no bubble and, furthermore, that there is very little chance one will appear.

Instead, Gregory finds, prices are being driven higher by factors like credit conditions that are temporarily too loose and a shortage of listings to meet the strong demand generated by record-low lending interest rates.

But there are at least a couple of buckets of cold water about to hit this overheated market. First, interest rates are expected to start rising this summer or fall. Second, a new tax on real estate will hit two of Canada's biggest, hottest markets, B.C. and Ontario, in July.

In any event, he believes, there is no evidence of the kind of speculative activity that always accompanies a bubble. We don't see speculators flipping homes for a fast buck or people buying two or three homes, hoping to sell later for a profit.

When this kind of stuff is happening, the volume of mortgage loans soars, but in Canada, mortgage volume is growing sedately, at about the same pace as prices.

Finally, Gregory notes that once supply rises enough to satisfy demand more adequately, price gains should cool. And that's just what is starting to happen.

His prediction: talk of a housing bubble, which has become a bit of a bubble itself, should deflate by summer.